Many women and couples take for granted the ability to give birth and reproduce, but there are millions of women and couples all over the world that for one reason or other are unable to have children of their own. This can lead to a great deal of distress for these couples, not to mention costing them huge sums of money in order to get treatment. Many couples try for months and years to get pregnant, but even though they are having unprotected sex, never manage to find success.
The causes of infertility can be complicated, and successful conception involves a range of connected bodily events. One breakdown along the way can result in failure to reproduce. As the female gets older, conception can become more difficult, which is another factor to consider. In fact, with a large number of couples, there are several factors that can contribute to difficulties in conception. Male factor can account for around half of infertility cases, but there are also other factors that could contribute to difficulty in conceiving. These include: traumatic injury, stress, anxiety, extreme activity, and weight fluctuations.
With regards to male factors, the cause of infertility in males cannot always be identified. There are, however, a known number of causes of male infertility, which include:
This disorder can include a number of irregularities with sperm, such as a low sperm count, inactive sperm, and low semen volume. An enlargement of the veins that are responsible for draining the testes can contribute to these spermatogenic disorders, but this can be treated. Hormone problems and genetic abnormalities can also contribute to various types of spermatogenic disorders.
Obstruction of the seminal tract
This is where the tube through which the sperm and semen travel has some sort of malformation or irregularity, which can result in ineffective or poor ejaculation. The obstructions can be caused by a variety of problems, such as a previous vasectomy, birth defects, or accidental damage.
Inflammation and infections
Inflammation and infections can result in damage and scarring, and this can result from a variety of infections and from STDs (sexually transmitted diseases). This can result in ineffective production and functioning of sperm.
Sexual disorders and dysfunction
Problems can also be experienced by those suffering from impotence or ejaculation problems. These problems can themselves result from a variety of causes, such as spinal injuries and diabetes.
When considering female issues contributing to infertility, the uterine factor is also responsible for a large number of infertility cases, and this can result from a number of abnormalities such as tumors and polyps. This could result in the failure of the egg to implant in the wall of the uterus, where it would normally grow and develop. Some of the problems that could contribute to infertility and difficulty in conception include:
This condition is where the uterus inner lining displaces to the outer part of the uterus, causing pelvic pain and leading to fertility problems. This affects up to seven percent of women in the United States alone.
Fallopian tube damage
Damage to the fallopian tube can occur in many ways, and this can contribute to infertility. This damage can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from endometriosis to a ruptured appendix.
Cervical mucus irregularities can make it difficult for sperm to penetrate the cervix, and this can lead to difficulties in conception and infertility.
There are a number of other factors that can contribute to difficulties in conception, such as ovulation failures and hormonal imbalances. That said, technology today is more advanced than ever, giving more hope to couples having difficulty conceiving.